The Italian Renaissance was primarily:
A. a mass movement of the peasants.
B. a cultural and intellectual movement.
C. a political movement characterized by decentralization and democracy.
D. a religious movement that rejected secular learning and material luxury.
The word Renaissance means:
A. new world.
The Medici controlled the finances of which Italian city state?
Economic developments in the Renaissance included:
A. a tremendous revival in trade.
B. increased employment due to the change from wool to luxury manufacturing.
C. a boom rivalling that of the High Middle Ages.
D. new trade routes made possible by the Ottoman Turks.
The patrons of the Renaissance were mostly:
B. the popes.
C. the common people.
D. merchants and bankers.
Florentine economic vitality rested primarily on banking and:
A. the wine industry.
B. overseas trade.
C. the wool industry.
D. mining and agriculture.
The most influential book on Renaissance court life and behavior was:
Italian humanism in the early fifteenth century:
A. increasingly became alienated from political life.
B. was based on the study of the classics.
C. rejected the church and Christianity in general.
D. helped revive Greek as a "living" language.
A major difference between humanism in the north and in Italy is that northern humanism stressed:
A. economic gain and materialism.
B. social reform based on Christian ideals.
C. pagan virtues.
D. scholastic dogma over reason.
The Italian urban nobility were united by all of the following
B. antagonism toward the rural nobility.
C. social connections.
D. economic interests.