The Middle Ages:
A. marked an end to the fief-holding system of the Early Middle Ages.
B. was an economic system based upon landed estates.
C. brought about a revival of European slavery.
D. prevented social mobility by the lowest classes.
Which of the following was
true of the medieval peasant household and family?:
A. The typical peasant family was very large.
B. Enormous quantities of ale were consumed.
C. Women were expected to bear children and labor in the fields at the same time.
D. Meals were both simple and nutritious.
The dramatic increases in European population between 1000 and 1300:
A. occurred despite deteriorating climatic patterns.
B. especially benefitted women of childbearing age.
C. led to overcrowding and constant warfare, and therefore a surplus of women over men.
D. was primarily due to an improving food supply, which led to an increased birth rate and decline in the mortality rate.
The "agricultural revolution" of the High Middle Ages
A. inspired the preservation of old-growth forests in Europe.
B. was partly the result of a shift from the two-field to the three-field system of farming.
C. led to the demise of the cooperative agricultural villages.
D. was the result of more efficient exploitation of farm labor by manorial supervisors.
New technological developments in agriculture in the High Middle Ages included all the following
A. iron hoes.
B. the use of horse shoes.
C. the heavy-wheeled plow (
D. the use of smaller, more efficient draft horses.
A serf in the middle ages was
A. legally bound to the land.
B. a slave who could be sold by the lord.
C. the only kind of farmer you'd find in most villages.
D. never allowed to live in a town.
In the High Middle Ages peasants
A. often supplemented agricultural labor with work in other trades.
B. were legally constrained to perform only agricultural work.
C. supported only themselves and their families.
D. became increasingly irreligious.
Conditions for European farmers
A. were generally uniform across the Continent.
B. differed only between England and the Continent.
C. varied greatly from one place to another.
D. featured increasingly harsh obligations.
The surprisingly large number of "accidental" deaths in the thirteenth century has been attributed to
D. violence at the hands of roaming knights.
The prosperity of individual peasant families was usually dependent on the
A. number of male children.
B. educational level of the father.
C. amount of land held.
D. size of the wife's dowry.