The Early Middle Ages:
The Battle of Tours (733)
A. aided the spread of Chrsitianity in the Frankish kingdom.
B. checked the advance of the Muslims into northern Europe.
C. was won by Clovis, King of the Franks.
D. was the first recorded assault of the Vikings.
In the Early Middle Ages, the cultivation of new land was hard because
(1) the forests of Europe were so thick (2) the climate was growing colder (3) old-fashioned plows had trouble working the heavy soil (4) greedy landowners made it impossible for people to travel to vacant land
A. all of the above.
B. none of the above.
C. 1 and 2.
D. 1 and 3.
The first Frankish king to be anointed in holy ceremony by an agent of the Pope was
Charlemagne was crowned emperor in 800 by
A. the Pope.
C. his father Pepin
D. the Frankish council.
Charlemagne's longest miliatry campaign was against the
of Charlemagne were
B. peasant farmers.
C. royal legal officials.
D. military outposts.
The Donation of Constantine
A. gave the papacy its own territorial state in central Italy, known as the Papal States
B. was used by the popes from the eighth century to bolster their temporal power.
C. was proven to be authentic by Lorenzo Valla in the fifteenth century
D. gave the papacy temporal authority over the Byzantine Empire.
All the following invaded western Europe in the ninth century except
A. the Vikings.
B. the Franks.
C. the Muslims
D. the Magyars.
The division of Europe into three kingdoms after the death of Louis the Pious led to
A.the capture of the Balkan lands and Lotharingia by Muslim forces.
B. an incessant struggle between Louis the German, Charles the Bald, and their heirs over dispued territories.
C. two centuries of relative calm and prosperity.
D. the eventual emergence of Lothair as the ruler of a reunited Europe.
All the following are true about the Vikings
A. their iron weapons and superior shipbuilding were largely responsibility for their successful raids.
B. they settled mainly in coastal areas of the Frankish kingdom and Ireland.
C. their raids and settlements hastened the decentralization of political and miliary power after Charlemagne's death.
D. Christianity assimilated them into the mainstream of European civilization.