Questions for Thought
- What new social class developed in 12th century Italy? How did this
social class affect the movement toward republican government?
- What is meant by "the Renaissance?" How does the concept
of individualism help explain the Renaissance? What is humanism? What did
- People tend to think of the Renaissance as an Italian phenomenon, but
northern Europe also underwent a renaissance. Compare the Italian Renaissance
with the Northern Renaissance. How can we account for the similiarities
- Renaissance Europe saw the development of so-called new monarchies
in England, France, and Spain. What was new about them? What were the guiding
principles, goals, and basic tactics of the rulers of these states? What
were the unique features of each state's development? How successful were
the "new monarchs"?
- The Italian city-states tried to preserve their independence through
balance-of-power diplomacy. Describe how this strategy worked in 15th century
Italy. What were the drawbacks of the system? Was it effective in dealing
with external threats? Why or why not?
- In many ways the Renaissance was primarily an artistic movement. Describe
Renaissance art. What were its themes and techniques? (Be sure to include
relevant examples.) How were artists trained? What was their status in
society? Who was their audience? How did Renaissance art reflect the changing
attitudes and interests of Europeans? What purposes did art serve in Renaissance
- How did the invention of movable type revolutionize European life and
- Discuss Christian humanism. How were the ideas of the Christian humanists
like Thomas More and Desiderius Erasmus similar to and different from those
of Italian humanists?
- Why did Italy become a battleground for the European superpowers after
- The status of women in Renaissance society seemed to decline from that
of the Middle Ages. Describe the education of women and their role in society.
How does this fit with the ideals of the Renaissance? What influence did
social class have? How does the treatment of women compare to that of blacks
in Renaissance Europe?
| The Roman Republic
| The Roman Empire
The Middle Ages |
The Reformation | The 17th Century